Introduction to Donor Embryos

In the ever-evolving landscape of assisted reproductive technologies, the path to parenthood is both a journey of hope and a navigation through complex legal frameworks.

With India's 2020 laws introducing restrictions on embryo donation, couples and individuals are faced with new challenges and considerations. Despite these hurdles, the dream of parenthood remains vibrant, pushing the boundaries of innovation and compassion. This section explores the impact of these laws on donor embryos and how families can explore alternative pathways to parenthood, always guided by hope and resilience.

Embryo Donation in India: Options and Legal Restrictions

In India, embryo donation is a relatively new option for couples struggling with infertility. It involves receiving embryos created through in vitro fertilization (IVF) from another couple who has completed their family and no longer needs them.

There are two main types of embryo donation available in India:

  • Frozen embryo donation: This is the most common type of embryo donation. Embryos are frozen after they are created through IVF and stored in a special tank until they are needed by a recipient couple.
  • Fresh embryo donation: This is less common than frozen embryo donation. In this type of donation, embryos are created specifically for donation using eggs and sperm from anonymous donors.

Benefits of embryo donation:

  • Affordability: Compared to other fertility treatments like egg or sperm donation.
  • Genetic connection: Allows couples to have a child genetically related to one of them.
  • Reduced emotional and physical challenges: Avoids challenges associated with egg or sperm retrieval.

Things to consider before pursuing embryo donation:

  • Limited availability: Embryo availability can be limited due to various factors.
  • Lower success rates: Success rates are generally lower than IVF with fresh eggs and sperm.
  • Anonymity: Embryo donation in India is anonymous, and the identities of donors are not revealed.

Legal Restrictions:

It's important to understand the legal landscape surrounding embryo donation in India, which is regulated by the following acts:

  • The Assisted Reproductive Techniques (Regulation) Act of 2008 (ART Act, 2008): This legislation laid down the legal structure for assisted reproductive technologies (ART) in India, encompassing embryo donation However, it did not explicitly address several aspects of embryo donation, leading to ambiguity and variations in practices across different states.
  • The Assisted Reproductive Techniques (Regulation) Amendment Act, 2020 (ART Amendment Act, 2020): This act amended the ART Act, 2008, to address some of the shortcomings and provide more clarity on regulations concerning embryo donation. Key restrictions introduced in the 2020 amendment include:
    • Recipient couple restrictions: Only married infertile couples are eligible to receive donated embryos. Single individuals, same-sex couples, and live-in partners are not permitted.
    • Age restrictions: The recipient woman must be below 50 years old at the time of embryo transfer.
    • Counseling mandate: Both the donating and recipient couples must undergo mandatory counseling to ensure informed decision-making and address ethical and emotional considerations.
    • Confidentiality: Donor anonymity is maintained, and recipient couples cannot obtain information about the donors.

The Process of Embryo Donation in India (Post-2020 Laws)

Following the introduction of the 2020 laws, the process of embryo donation in India has undergone significant changes. This section delves into the current legalities and procedures that shape the journey towards embryo donation, highlighting the challenges and limitations imposed by the new regulations.

In summary, these laws may restrict you to use an embryo donated by another couple to implant in your spouse to have a baby.

Please consult with your attorney to address these options.



Budget around $16,000 to create the embryos and implant them in the carrier.

The surplus embryos can then be frozen and kept for additional cycles or shipped out of India using a NOC.

All rights reserved to Indian Egg Donors